Lusaka: The Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) 2011-2015 is the successor to the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP), aimed at actualising the aspirations of Vision 2030 of becoming "a prosperous middle-income nation by 2030". While the FNDP set the pace for improving economic infrastructure and investing in human development, the SNDP aims to build on the gains of the FNDP in the process of attaining Vision 2030.
During the FNDP period, the economy attained macroeconomic stability and continued economic growth averaging 6.1 percent while also achieving positive gains in infrastructure development. In the social sectors there was generally an improvement in the Maternal and Infant Mortality Rates and Education Enrolment Rates. Despite the gains, the reductions in unemployment and poverty levels were not significant.
The theme of the SNDP is "Sustained economic growth and poverty reduction". In line with this theme, the SNDP focuses on policies, strategies and programmes that will contribute significantly to addressing the challenges of realising broad-based pro-poor growth, employment creation and human development. Thus, the strategic focus of the SNDP is "infrastructure and human development". The focus is guided by the principles of accountability, decentralization and efficient resource allocation.
The objectives of the SNDP are to: accelerate infrastructure development; economic growth and diversification; promote rural investment and accelerate poverty reduction and enhance human development. While recognizing the importance of balanced growth in all sectors of the economy, the SNDP priority growth sectors are Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Mining, Tourism, Manufacturing and Commerce and Trade.
During the SNDP period, investment in rural areas will be an important factor in increasing employment and reducing poverty. The Plan will, therefore, promote increased rural investment in infrastructure such as roads, rail, Information and Communication Technology, energy, water and sanitation, education and health.
While recognizing the importance of all sectors, the SNDP contains only sector programmes that have been identified as critical to achieving the overall objectives of the Plan. In view of this, the Plan contains the following sections:
* Economic and Social Developments;
* Human Development;
* Growth sectors;
* Support sectors;
* Regional Development and
* Monitoring and Evaluation Institutional Arrangement.
Cross-cutting issues such as Governance, Human Immune-Deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome, Gender, Disability, Nutrition, Environment and Disaster Risk Management have been mainstreamed. This is a deliberate and strategic approach to incorporate and ensure effective implementation mechanisms of these critical issues in the sector programmes. Details of other programmes will appear in the relevant sector strategic plans and the Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks.
* The SNDP document, 235 pages, is now available for download here.